IEvidence-Supported Therapy:




What is CBT?
       Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is a scientifically proven therapy           that teaches people about the inter-relationship between their thoughts,     feelings and behaviour. For instance, how a person thinks will affect how
they feel and in turn, how they act.  The goal is to help people gain control of their thoughts and feelings rather than their thoughts and feelings controlling them. Cognitive restructuring teaches skills to identify, challenge and modify unhelpful thoughts and emotions and replace them with more adaptive ones. Behavioural interventions help people to shift away from problematic        behaviours (eg. avoiding social situations, compulsive hand-washing) by                  teaching skills (eg. emotional regulation strategies, social skills training,                        exposure and response prevention) that promote 
                                        better functioning.
What is Mindfulness?
Mindfulness techniques teach people to become
more aware of their thoughts, feelings and bodily sensations in
 the present moment.  The goal is to help people to accept their thoughts/
feelings/bodily sensations without judgement or reaction. Mindfulness differs from traditional CBT cognitive restructuring in that unhelpful thoughts (cognitions) are not challenged and modified.  Instead, people are trained to disengage from unhelpful thoughts by simply noticing, accepting and letting go of them.  For example, a client that experiences panic symptoms (fear, racing heart, tight chest, sense of losing control) will learn to recognize them as un-harmful and    temporary.  To prevent a full-blown panic reaction the client will learn                      re-focus his/her attention away from their panic symptoms to their
breath or to some other soothing focal point that
keeps them grounded in the present moment.  
What is DBT?
Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT) is a combination of CBT and Mindfulness techniques that help people to manage intense emotions and inter-personal conflict.  People learn skills in the following areas:
Social Skills
Distress Tolerance
Emotional Regulation 


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